Even if the authenticity of the Xia Dynasty is credible, then how to treat and adopted after a lapse of apparently scholars doing research must be rigorous face. British scholar Renfrew, pointed out that the written records of great help for us to understand the unknown society. However, we should not uncritically be fully acceptable. Once the bronze is exposed to the gases and salts, moisture, it may be damaged. The history of the greatest danger is that they will put their own point of view affect us, that they are not only for our problem the answer, but inadvertently limit the nature of these problems, and even our concepts and terminology. American scholar Beckley pointed out, the written history of archeology has a double danger. It is not only about archaeological sampling in order to be consistent with the traditional tell archaeologists where to look, but also tells us what to look for.
In case of literature credibility detailed argument, the Chinese scholars as a conclusive basis for projections summer, starting and ending age of 14 and C dating proved, and figure out the chronology of the of you Xiawang reign, or, according to This corresponds to the archaeological discoveries of the City Address and Xia Wang Duyi conclusion is being questioned is not surprising. Chinese scholars prevalence of a simplistic tendency to the study of archaeological materials demonstrate the early states. Such as a large construction base address said palace, and thus deduce the existence of a king, even a country; see rammed earth wall is the City Address and Du, and seeks and the literature of an entry that corresponds to. The bronze will gradually corrode to generate rust layer.
See a burial tomb is a sign of class society, and found that the skeleton was buried with the dead or non-normal death as a human sacrifice or human martyrdom is evidence of the slave society; ritual bronzes and jades and royal form of evidence; text appear as evidenced by the generation of the civilization. Once the bronze gets contact with oxygen, it generates the cuprous oxide after exposure, in turn, generate copper oxide. Discussions on national or kingship of the lack of definition of key concepts, to find a theoretical basis for a comprehensive reference to the quotations from Marx, Engels and Morgan, how to identify the national social formation is almost never to be discussed from the archaeological data. In fact, there are different possibilities between social Bronze cultural phenomena and their causes is absolutely impossible that a single, rigid and mechanical correspondence between.
If we are familiar with the ethnology and archeology information, you may find that too many exceptions. This is due to the Chinese scholars are accustomed to from the point of view of history, with little regard for the complexity and diversity of culture and behavior of human bronze one to see some kind of phenomenon will be seen as evidence of certain historical events. American scholar Thorpe on the reasoning of the phenomenon of Erlitou site a lot of objections. For example, one can see large rammed earth base address of the judge as a “palace” is inappropriate, he believes that only by mastering sufficient evidence of the ruins of human activity, can determine the function of these buildings. Some bronze products have had a layer of copper oxide before they are buried in the ground.
This building, it may be called a palace-style temple, may have a multi-functional purposes. Reference to the traditional Chinese palace in the form the vestibule of Erlitou the palace only a single space can not accommodate an audience of Baiguan does not meet the Western Zhou Dynasty description for the court, it may be some kind of similar to the ancestral temple building. Chinese scholars of social structure to derive large, small and medium grades of the three tombs, Thorpe also believes that the lack of basis. Some of the chinese bronze in the ground due to exposure to the groundwater of dissolved carbon dioxide. Only a minority of the large burial tomb of Erlitou site, only found in a wide range of more large-scale tombs can only prove the properties of their royal families. Not to mention the Erlitou the rich tomb far less in size and quality of funerary objects and Taosi, or of Liangzhu the large tomb.